People's Republic of Bangladesh
Type of Government
The country has a parliamentary form of Government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional Head of the State.
In South Asia: between 200 34' to 260 38' north latitude and between 880 01' to 920 41' east longitude; Maximum extension in about 440 km in E-W direction and 760 km in NNW-SSE direction.
North-India: West Bengal and Meghalaya
West India: West Bengal
East-India: Tripura & Assam and Myanmar
South: Bay of Bengal
56977 sq. miles or 1,47,570 sq.km. Territorial Water: 12 nautical miles, Effective land area:119624, Revering area:8236, Forest area:19710.
Dhaka, Metropolitan Area 360 sq.km.
Climate and Climate Variation
Subtropical monsoon. Winter (November-February), temperature: average maximum 29 C, average minimum 11 C; Summer (March-June) temperature: average maximum 32 C, average minimum 21 C; Monsoon (July-October)
1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon, June-August)
Highest: 99% (July), Lowest: 36% (December and January)
Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen.
140.6 million (Estimate-2007) and 130.03 million (Census-2001), Density: 953 (Extimate-2007) & (Census-2001) per sq.km.
Population Growth Rate
Total Literacy: 62.66%
Predominantly mixed group of Proto Austroloids/Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans
95% Bangla and 5% other dialects. English is widely spoken.
Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.3%) and Animists and believers in tribal faiths (0.3%)
Staple diet, Rice, Bread, Vegetables, Pulses, Fish and Meat
Principal Crops and Fruits
Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tea, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potatoes, Vegetables, Banana, Mango, Coconut, Jackfruit and Pineapple
Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, etc. Total 230 ricers including tributaries
Natural Gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, peat, lignite, silica sand, white clay, radioactive sand tec. (There is strong possibility of oil deposit).
A substantial manpower reserve, trained and skilled, engineers, technicians, physicians, economists, accountants, administrative and managerial personnel, abundance of easily trainable and adaptable, hard working, intelligent and youthful labour force.
Jute, Tea, Textiles, Garments, Knitwear, Paper, Newsprint, Fertilizer, Leather and Leather Goods, Sugar, Cement, Fish Processing, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Light Engineering, Plastic and Rubber, Furniture and Ceramic etc.
Readymade Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Food and Shrimp, Tea, Raw Jute, Jute Products, Leather and Leather Products, Chemical Fertilizer, Ceramic Tableware, Naphtha, Furniture, Fruits & Vegetables and handicrafts etc.
Wheat, Oil Seeds, Crude Petroleum, Raw Cotton, Edible Oil, Petroleum Products, Fertilizer, Cement, Staple Fivers, Yarn, Iron and Steel, Capital Goods & Machinery and Automobiles.
Fuel Wood, natural gas, liquid petroleum fuels, coal, hydropower, solar and biogas.
Administrative and Others Units
Cox's Bazar, Rangamati, Chittagong, Sylhet, Kuakata (Patuakhali), Sundarban (Khulna), The 120 km long Cox's Bazar sea beach is considered to be the longest in the world. Kuakata is a unique beach for viewing sunrise and sunset. Sundarban is the home of Royal Bengal Tiger and has a natural sanctuary for deer population.
11 (3 International and 8 national)
International: Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
National: Jessore, Ishwardi, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Thakurgaon, Rajshahi, Barisal and Saidpur.
2 (Chittagong and Mongla)
Public Universities: 22 (2005), Private Universities: 52 (2005), Medical Colleges-27 (Public-13, Private-14 (2005), College-1689 (2004), Polytechnic Institute-77 (2005), Secondary Schools-13678 (2005) and Primary Schools-62377 (2004).
GDP at current market price
67.82 (2006-2007) Billion US$
GDP Growth Rate
12.17 (2006-2007) (billion US$)
17.15 (2006-2007) (billion US$)
GDP per Capita
No. of Local Banks
4 State Own Commercial Banks, 30 Private Sector Banks, 5 Specialized Banks & 9 Foreign Banks.